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History of Écija, Seville. Sourrouding of Hotel Platería

The wonderful city of Ecija, Sevilla was founded in the eighth century BC.
Bathed by the Genil river, today is one of the cities of Andalusia with more cultural heritage of the Baroque era.

Pre Origins and early history
The history of Ecija is as wide as its artistic richness. The foundation of the city is situated around the eighth century BC, in the area of ​​Tartessian civilization.
Until the Roman conquest, about 200 BC, it probably was a small village of Turdetian huts, located on the slight elevation along the river Genil known today as Cerro del Alcázar or San Gil ("The Stable").

The splendor in Roman times
The city experienced its greatest period of splendor under Roman rule, participated for Caesar in the Civil War against Pompey and around year 14 BC was founded the "Colonia Augusta Firma Astigi". A large new town, with paved streets laid in regular grid, sewers and water distribution network, forum, temples, baths and amphitheater, next to a bridge that crossed the Via Augusta Genil .Since then it was the capital of a very extensive legal convent , one of four in which Andalusia was divided , comprising no less than 49 cities and covering much of the provinces of Córdoba, Granada and Jaén.
Its main wealth derived from olive cultivation and export of oil over long distances using the waterway by the Guadalquivir and Genil and then the sea lane from Sevilla .

After Rome. Ecija in al-Andalus
The city remained a major cultural and religious focus to the fall of the Empire, in Visigothic times, when it became a bishopric, and in the Islamic period, which Istiya (or Astiŷa ) was capital of the province during the Emirate and the caliphate .
Arab chroniclers emphasize the richness and fertility of its territory, in a major Berber settlement settled . The Muslims introduced and irrigated crops, including cotton whose characteristic development in Ecija, led to coin the nickname of Madinat al- qutn ("City of cotton").

The Middle Ages and the Modern Age: Ecija in the Crown of Castile
In May 1240 Ecija was conquered by Fernando III and Castilians shared between new settlers, including many nobles, military orders and the Church.

The development of large landed property that has marked all the subsequent, late medieval and modern history starts, largely due to this feudal sharing and its development in the Modern Era.

Baroque Ecija: the " Ecijan  Golden Age "
The eighteenth century, considered "The Ecijan Golden Age" lived and splendor of civilian buildings and churches linked to the concentration of ownership and ecclesiastical and aristocratic power -not in vain at this time to be settled in the town about 40 nobility titles, including 13 awarded Spanish Noblemen .
The historic town of Ecija has one of the best legacies of Baroque art and architecture in Andalusia and, probably, in the Iberian Peninsula: palaces, churches (with towers that have made the city famous ), convents, public buildings and homes-palaces, with its rich and extensive movable documentary archives, constituting an exceptional historical heritage.

To see the heritage of the city of Ecija and schedules, visit the website of the City of Ecija

Learn more about the history of Ecija

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